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WHO S WHO - I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P

JULY 31, 2013

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WHO'S WHO - I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P

Iacocca, Lee (b. 1924)

American management wizard and CEO of Italian origin. Headed Ford Motor Company and later Chrysler Corporation. One of the most extraordinarily successful business leaders.


Joan of Arc, St. (1412- '31)

French patriot and national heroine called the Maid of Orleans. She tried to save France from English domination. Captured by the English, she was burnt as a heretic, but was canonized (declared a saint) in 1920.


Juran, Dr. Joseph (1905-2008)

American industrial engineer, a top thinker in the area of quality manage­ment.


Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804)

German philosopher. Authored Critique of Pure Reason.


Kao, R N (1918-2002)

Founder of Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), India's external intelligent agency, and as its chief from 1969-77.


Karve, D K (1858-1962)

In­dian social worker who championed the causes of widow marriage and women's education. Honoured with the Bharat Ratna.


Kelkar, Vijay (b.1942)

Econo­mist and Chairman of the 13th Finance Commis­sion. Chaired the Direct Taxes Commit­tee known as Kelkar Committee.


Keller, Helen (1880-1968)

American au­thor and educator of the blind. Had gone deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Inspired millions of blind and deaf people all over the world with her writings and work. The Story of My Life.


Kerovian, Dr. Jack (1928-2011)

Pathologist, known as Dr. Death for assisting the suicides of terminally ill patients. Was prosecuted.


Keynes, J M (1883-1946)

The most influential British economist of early 20th century. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.


Khusro, A M (1925-2003)

Indian agricultural economist who was Chairman of the 11th Finance Commission.


Kirekegaard, Soren (1813-'55)

Danish philosopher who is regarded as the founder of existentialism.


King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-'68)

Black American clergy­man, a non-violent civil rights leader and Negro integra­tion leader. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Was assas­sinated. Authored Why We Can't Wait.


Kitchlew, Saifuddin (1888-1963)

Asso­ciate of Mahatma Gandhi who was the founder Presi­dent of the All India Peace Council. Won the Stalin Peace Prize.


Kotnis, Dr. Dwarkanath (1910-42)

The legendary Indian doctor who was the hero of the Indian medical mission to war-torn China in 1938.


Krishnamurthy, Jiddu (1895-1986)

In­dian philosopher of international repute. At 20, he headed a new sect 'The Order of the Star of the East'. The Songs of Life.


Kurien, Dr. Verghese (b. 1921-2012)

'Father of White Revolution'. Pioneered the co-oper­ative system in the milk sector in Gujarat (Anand) and turned it into a huge success (AMUL). The brain behind Operation Flood.  Was the Chairman of the National Dairy Development Board till 1998. Recipient of the World Food Prize, Magsaysay Prize and the Padma Vib­hushan.


Lao Tsze (c. 600 B.C.)

The Chinese philoso­pher who founded Taoism.


Laski, Harold (1893-1950)

Brit­ish political scientist and an influential Fabian. Taught at the London School of Economics.


Locke, John (1632-1704)

British phi­losopher. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)

German reli­gious reformer who started the Protestant Reformation.


Lynch, Peter (b. 1944)

Lead­ing US money manager and financial consul­tant. Wrote the highly popular books One Up On The Wall Street and Beating The Street.


Mahalanobis, P C (1893- 1972)

Well-known economist and statistician, who contributed to laying the foundation of India's statistical system and economic planning. Was the founder of the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. Served as advisor to Pt. Nehru during the formulation of the 2nd Five Year Plan.


Mahavira, Vardhmana (6th cent. B.C.)

The founder of Jainism, which preaches non-violence, peace and sacredness of all life forms.


Mahesh Yogi, Maharishi (1917-2008)

Indian Yoga expert. Started the Tran­scendental Meditation movement in 1959.


Malinowski, Bronslaw (1884-1942)

Father of social anthropology.


Malthus, Thomas (1766-1834)

British economist who proposed that population increases faster than the means of subsistence and that its growth could only be checked by moral restraint, disease and war.


Manekshaw, Field Marshal S.H.F.J. (1914-2008)

India's first Field Marshal. Military hero who mastermind­ed the victory over Pakistan in 1971. Received the Padma Vibhushan.


Mata Hari (1876-1917)

Dutch spy. Was a dancer in Paris and had many lovers. She became a German spy and was shot dead for treachery.



Mathai, Dr. John (1886-1959)

Economist, administrator and educationist. Union Fi­nance Minister, V-C of Bombay and Kera­la Universities. Recipient of the Padma Vibhushan.


Mill, John Stuart (1806-'73)

English phi­losopher and economist. On Liberty.


Mittal, Lakshmi (b. 1950)

Billionaire steelmaker and Chairman of Arcelor­ Mittal Co. The richest man in Eu­rope and 5th rich­est in the world. Laksh­mi Mittal has a knack for turning around sick steel mills and has built his empire bit by bit starting with a single steel mill in Indonesia in 1976.


Mohammed, Prophet (570-632)

Mo­hammed is believed by Muslims to be the Last Messenger of God to mankind. The Quran, the Sacred Book of Islam, is be­lieved to be the Word of God, which was revealed to Mohammed in stages over 23 years.


He received the first revelation and the com­mand when he was 40 years old. He taught that there is only one God. He was forced to mi­grate from Mecca to Medina in 622, the year of the Hijri. He returned to Mecca, where the Kaaba, the holi­est Islamic shrine, is located. Kaaba is the focal point of the Haj pilgrimage.



Montessori, Maria (1870-1952)

Italian educationist and the founder of the Montessori Education system. She developed an educa­tion system based on giving freedom to children in a specially prepared environ­ment.


Mueller, Max (1823-1900)

Ger­man Indologist and linguist. He taught Sanskrit at Oxford University. India - What Can It Teach Us, The Science of Language.


Murdoch, Rupert (b. 1931)

US publisher and en­trepreneur. His com­pany News Corp. owns Fox Broad­casting and several British national papers, including The Times and The Sun. He also owns 20th Century Fox, Harper Collins (UK publishers), and DirecTV. His media empire was engulfed by a phone hacking scandal in July 2011.


Murthy, N R Narayana (b.1946)

Co-­founder and CEO of India's IT leader Infosys Technologies. Small-town boy who rose to be a middle-class icon and billionaire and a pioneer of 21st century Indian industry. Had retired in 2006 to become the Chief Mentor and non-executive Chairman but returned as Chairman in an active role in 2013 due to a leadership crisis.  


Nagarjuna (1st century)

Philosopher, chemist and a great figure in Kanishka’s court.


Nanak, Guru (1469-1538)

The first Guru and the Founder of Sikh religion, who tried to put an end to religious strife and inequalities. His major teaching was that 'God is one, whether he be Allah or Rama'. His followers are known as the Sikhs.


Narayana Guru, Sri (1855-1928)

One of the most illustri­ous social reformers and religious lead­ers in India. Tried to improve the lot of backward classes and spread the message of equality for all.


Nelson, Horatio (1758-1805)

Fore­most admiral in British history. Destroyed the French fleet at Trafalgar (1805), but lost his life.


Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

Ger­man philosopher and poet, known for his concept of the overman or superman. Thus Spake Zarathustra.


Nightingale, Florence (1820-1910)

English nurse, regarded as the founder of modern nursing. During the Crimean war, she organised a nursing service. Her methods are used even today in modern hospitals. Known as The Lady with the Lamp.


Nivedita, Sister (1867-1911)

Irish woman (Margaret Nobel) who became a disciple of Swami Viveka­nanda and stayed in India for 12 years.


Nobel, Alfred (1833-96)

Swedish inventor and philanthropist. Dis­covered dynamite and left behind a fund to fund annual prizes now known as Nobel Prizes.


Nooyi, Indra (b.1955)

CEO of Pepsi Co. Voted as World's 5th Most Pow­erful Woman by Forbes in 2007. Named CEO of the Year in 2009.


Ogilvy, David (1912-'99)

Doyen of the advertising world. Founder of the inter­national ad agency, Ogilvy & Mather.


Palkhivala, Nani (1920-2002)

Eminent Indian jurist. Ambassador to the USA, 1977-79.


Parks, Rosa (1913- 2005)

US black civil rights activist who made headlines by refusing to give her seat in a public bus to a white man, an unthinkable idea at that time. This incident resulted in the boycott of the bus system and became a turning point for the civil rights movement.


Patekar, Medha (b. 1956)

Indian social activist and environmentalist. Firebrand leader of the Save Narmada movement. Recipient of Right Livelihood Prize.


Paul, Lord Swaraj (b. 1931)

UK- based Indian industrialist and member, House of Lords. Received the Padma Bushan in 1983. He also served as deputy speaker of the House of Lords.


Peale, Rev. Norman Vincent (1898­-1993)

American religious leader, who preached positive thinking for more than half a century.


Phule, Mahatma (1827-'90)

Indian social reformer who worked for the downtrodden, women's education, social justice and against child marriage.


Pitman, Isaac (1813-'97)

British inventor of a system of phonographic shorthand.


Plato (427-347 B.C.): Greek philosopher and educator. Was Socrates's pupil and Aristotle's teacher. Dialogues, which includes the Republic, is his longest and the most cel­ebrated work.



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